Plasmasphere density

The nowcasting of the plasmasphere is rebuilt every hour and is using:

  • the plasmasphere model developed by V. Pierrard and K. Borremans (access model)
  • the IRF Kp forecast

The principles of the model are described in detail in Pierrard and Stegen (2008). The model has been recently coupled to the ionosphere (Pierrard and Voiculescu, 2011).


  • Pierrard V., and K. Stegen, A three dimensional dynamic kinetic model of the plasmasphere, Journal Geophys. Res., 113, A10209, doi: 10.1029/2008ja013060, 2008.
  • Pierrard V. and M. Voiculescu, The 3D model of the plasmasphere coupled to the ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Let., doi:10.1029/2011GL047767 ), 2011.

See also


This model is sponsored by the FP7 SWIFF project.